Penetration Enhancer Excipients


Penetration enhancer excipients are substances that facilitate the permeation of drugs across biological barriers, such as the skin, mucous membranes, or epithelial linings. These excipients interact with the barrier components, modifying their structure or function to enhance drug absorption. Penetration enhancers can be classified into various subtypes based on their mechanism of action and chemical nature.

Subtypes of Penetration Enhancer Excipients


Solvent-based penetration enhancers, such as ethanol, propylene glycol, and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), enhance drug permeation by disrupting the lipid structure of the barrier, increasing drug solubility, and promoting diffusion. These excipients are commonly used in topical and transdermal formulations.


Surfactant-based penetration enhancers, including sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), polysorbate 80, and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), reduce the surface tension of the barrier, allowing better wetting and penetration of drugs. Surfactants can also disrupt the lipid bilayers, enhancing drug solubility and permeation.

Chemical Enhancers

Chemical penetration enhancers, such as fatty acids, terpenes, and azones, interact with the barrier components, altering their structure and increasing drug partitioning into the tissues. These enhancers can disrupt the stratum corneum, improve drug solubility, and enhance drug diffusion across the barrier.

Physical Enhancers

Physical penetration enhancers, such as microneedles, ultrasound, and iontophoresis, utilize physical methods to enhance drug permeation. Microneedles create microchannels in the skin, allowing drugs to bypass the stratum corneum. Ultrasound and iontophoresis facilitate drug penetration by enhancing drug mobility and creating temporary pores in the barrier.


Topical Formulations

Penetration enhancer excipients are extensively used in topical formulations, such as creams, gels, and ointments. They improve the permeation of drugs through the skin, enabling localized or systemic drug delivery. Penetration enhancers can enhance the absorption of drugs for dermatological conditions or facilitate the delivery of therapeutic agents.

Transdermal Patches

Penetration enhancer excipients play a crucial role in transdermal patches, which provide controlled drug delivery through the skin. These excipients enhance drug permeation across the stratum corneum, enabling sustained release and systemic absorption. Penetration enhancers improve the therapeutic efficacy of transdermal patches for various indications.

Mucosal Delivery

Penetration enhancer excipients are utilized in mucosal delivery systems, such as nasal sprays, inhalers, and buccal patches. They enhance drug absorption across mucous membranes, improving bioavailability and therapeutic outcomes. Penetration enhancers enable targeted drug delivery to specific mucosal sites.


Penetration enhancer excipients play a vital role in enhancing drug permeation across biological barriers, enabling effective drug delivery and therapeutic outcomes. Partnering with Protheragen-ING, a reputable supplier, ensures the availability of high-quality excipients and supports the development of stable and efficacious pharmaceutical products. If you have any excipient requirements, please contact us by phone or email, and we will respond within 2-4 working days.

Cat Product Name Cas Details Chemical Structure
PIE-0001 DMG-PEG2000 160743-62-4 View Details APIs
PIE-0017 Tricaprylin 538-23-8 View Details APIs
PIE-0100 Oleyl Alcohol 143-28-2 View Details APIs


Daily: 9.30 AM–6.00 PM
Sunday : 9.30 AM–1.00 PM
Holidays: Closed

  • Tel:
  • E-mail:
  • Address:
  • WhatsAPP
Privacy Policy | Cookie Policy
Copyright © Protheragen-ING. All Rights Reserved.
Member of